Trauma & Expressive Arts Therapy
Neurobiology, creative interventions, and childhood trauma.
This chapter provides an overview of trauma from a neurobiological view and a foundation for understanding why sensory-based, creative interventions such as arts therapies and expressive methods are effective and often necessary in work with traumatized children. For therapists who are not familiar with these modalities, a brief description of creative arts therapies and expressive therapies is offered along with general information on the nature of traumatic events and their impact on children. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)
Malchiodi, C. A. (2015). Neurobiology, creative interventions, and childhood trauma. In C. A. Malchiodi (Ed.), Creative arts and play therapy. Creative interventions with traumatized children (p. 3–23). The Guilford Press.
Avenues of Hope: Art Therapy and the Resolution of Trauma
This paper describes a method for using art therapy with adolescents in crisis. A model developed for the study defines four trauma stages and associated art therapy goals. They are Stage I, Impact—Creating Continuity; Stage II, Retreat—Building Therapeutic Alliance; Stage III, Acknowledgment—Overcoming Social Stigma and Isolation Through Mastery; and Stage IV, Reconstruction—Fostering Meaning. An example of the application of the paradigm is presented through a case study, including the art therapy approaches and method for assessing the artwork and art processes across the continuum of these stages. It is found that hope is experienced through art and generative processes. The author draws on research conducted on an intensive care burn unit to develop a new paradigm for understanding crisis and trauma through art therapy (Appleton, 1990).
Valerie Appleton EdD, ATR, MFCC, NCC (2001) Avenues of Hope: Art Therapy and the Resolution of Trauma, Art Therapy, 18:1, 6-13, DOI: 10.1080/07421656.2001.10129454
Using Creative Arts in Trauma Therapy: The Neuroscience of Healing
Knowledge about the brain and the impact of trauma has increased significantly in recent years. Counselors must understand brain functioning and the effects of trauma in order to choose the most effective methods for working with clients. Creative arts therapies offer a nonthreatening way for clients to access and express their trauma, creating a corrective experience in the brain. Activities that incorporate body movement can be particularly helpful by providing a corrective emotional experience for those clients with an immobilized response to a traumatic event. This article offers a model for the assessment and treatment of trauma through the use of creative arts.
Kristi Perryman, Paul Blisard, Rochelle Moss; Using Creative Arts in Trauma Therapy: The Neuroscience of Healing. Journal of Mental Health Counseling 1 January 2019; 41 (1): 80–94. doi: https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.41.1.07
A Review of Art Therapy Among Military Service Members and Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Every day in the United States approximately 22 veterans, and one active duty service member, reservist, or national guardsman commits suicide and the rate is climbing.1-2 In 2008, there were 197 reported suicides; 2009, 238; 2010, 301; 2011, 283; 2012, 325.3 In addition to fighting the Global War on Terror, current service members and veterans
are left to battle postwar symptoms related to post traumatic stress disorder, otherwise known as PTSD. As the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have come to a close, there is growing concern over the efficacy of postwar treatment, which will be needed for the increasing number of veterans returning home. Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare is the largest
healthcare delivery system in the United States and according to a U.S. Congressional Research Service report for Congress, the prevalence of PTSD among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans receiving VA healthcare in FY2002-2012 was 29%.4 It is important to note that although combat exposure is a leading cause of PTSD among males, military sexual trauma (MST) is the leading cause of PTSD among females.5 Although treatment for PTSD is widely researched among past and present military service members, little
is known about the potential therapeutic benefits art therapy could offer this population. Existing research indicates that art therapy shows promising treatment results among service members.6 This project aims to provide a review of why art therapy programs should be implemented among current military service members and veterans diagnosed with PTSD.